The Breath-Stream Dynamics of Simple-Released-Plosive Production

Martin Rothenberg

Biblioteca Phonetica 6, S. Karger AG, Basel (1968)

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1. Introduction

1.1 Nature of this Study

1.2 Outline

2. The Development of a Model

2.1 Mechano-Acoustic Models and Circuit Analogs

2.2 The Subglottal System

2.3 A Circuit-Type Model for the Subglottal System

2.4 The Glottal-Supraglottal System

2.5 A Circuit-Type Model for the Glottal-Supraglottal System

2.6 A Complete Model for the Breath-Stream Dynamics of Certain Simple-Released-Plosives

3. Active Control of Subglottal Pressure in Plosive Production by Changes in Respiratory Muscle Innervation

3.1 Some General Considerations in the Study of Subglottal Pressure

3.2 Active Control of Subglottal Pressure in the Simple-Released-Plosives

3.3 Some Relations Between Subglottal and Supraglottal Pressure During the Articulatory Closure

3.4 Some Measurements of Subglottal Pressure Rise Time

3.5 The Elementary Physical Dynamic Constraints of the Respiratory Mechanism

3.6 Some Dynamic Constraints in Respiratory Muscle Contraction

3.7 The Coordination of Respiratory Innervation and the ‘Ballistic’ Movement

3.8 The Transfer of Respiratory Muscle Tension

3.9 Some Conclusions

4. Passive Variations of Subglottal Pressure in Plosive Production

4.1 Subglottal Pressure Variations Due to an Articulatory Closing Gesture

4.2 Subglottal Pressure Variations Due to an Articulatory Release

4.3 Subglottal Pressure Variations Due to a Supraglottal Cavity Volume Change

5. Air Flow Resistance at the Articulatory Constriction

6. Change of Glottal Adjustment in Plosive Production

6.1 Some Definitions

6.2 The Dynamic Constraints in Glottal Movements

6.3 Some Additional Definitions

6.4 An Illustration of the Significance of the Cyclic Opening Movement of the Glottis in Plosive Production

6.5 The Timing of the Cyclic Gesture with Respect to the Period of Articulatory Closure

6.6 The Unidirectional Glottal Movement

7. A Voiced or Breathy-Voiced Glottal Adjustment during the Articulatory Closure

7.1 General Considerations

7.2 Passive Expansion of the Supraglottal Cavity

7.3 Active Supraglottal Cavity Enlargement

7.4 Incomplete Velopharyngeal Closure

7.5 Variations in Subglottal Pressure

8. Summary and Discussion



Table of Contents

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